8th Grade English: Ms. Rauschenberg

Mechanics, Usage, & Grammar: Verbs

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Verbs show action or state of being. The verb is the most important part of any sentence. Every sentence must have at least one verb. A sentence may have multiple verbs.

There are several kinds of verbs.

  • Action verbs show some kind of action.
    • Transitive verbs are action verbs which have a direct object
    • Intransitive verbs are action verbs with no direct object
  • Linking verbs show state of being. What comes after the verb describes or renames the subject of the sentence.
    • They are often related to the five senses.
    • Some common linking verbs include is, am, are, was, were, seem, become, smell (not the action), feel (not the action), look (not the action), sound, taste (not the action)
  • Helping verbs come before other verbs and alter the meaning of the main verb in some way
    • to be a helping verb these must come directly before another verb
    • the forms of to be with an "ing" verb make "progressive" tenses: is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been
    • the forms of to have with a past participle make "perfect" tenses: have, has, had
    • other common helping verbs include: do, does, did, may, might, must, can, could, will, would, shall, should

Questions? Comments?  Email me at jrauschenberg@loganhocking.k12.oh.us

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